Bogo is located in the northern part of Cebu province, in mainland Cebu. It is 101 kilometers away from the regional capital of Central Visayas, Cebu City. Bogo is accessible by land and sea transportation. The adjoining municipalities of Bogo and their approximate distances are as follows: Tabogon in the southeast, 18 kms. Via the provincial road; Tabuelan in the southwest, 40 kms. Via San Remegio; San Remegio in the west, 9 kms; and Daanbantayan, 26 kms, in the north. Bogo Bay, which lies to the east facing Camotes Sea, separates Bogo from Medellin.
Bogo has an area of 10,545 hectares, which constitutes 2.7% of the total land area of Cebu province. It has 29 barangays or villages, seven of which are located along the coast. The city belongs to the 4th Congressional District of Cebu. The city has a gentle rolling terrain to nearly level along the northeastern portion consisting of barangays Don Pedro Rodriguez, Polambato, Cayang, Poblacion, Dakit, Malingin, Gairan, and Nailon. It has a coastal line running approximately 27 kms., fringed with coral formations with pockets of sandy shores at Nailon, Siocon, and Odlot.
The city is characterized by nearly flat coastal plains at the central portion where the Poblacion barangays Gairan, Polambato, Don Rodriguez, Cayang, and Malingin are located. From the central coastal area, running through the interior is a rolling terrain, except along the eastern coastal portion, which is rugged and has a steep slope. Its highest elevation is 252 meters above sea level at Barangay Binabag. Steep slopes are approximately 3.2 kms. from the nearest foothill to the northeast.
Bogo's political community dates back to the arrival of the first waves of early Spanish colonizers in the capital city of Cebu. Settlements were already thriving along the shorelines of the town wherein seafaring tribes and traders from distant islands of the Visayas region and as far as the southern islands of Mindanao occasionally come to these settlements to sell or barter their products with the natives.The year 1600 ushered in the founding of real settlement which was subsequently transformed into a barangay where small huts made of cogon and bamboos squatted at the site where the Bogo Central Extension now stands. While the barangay was then a part of another bustling community of the north, now known as the town of Daan Bantayan. Hence, in January 1850 the Bishop of Cebu appointed Father Jaime Micalot, a Spanish friar, as the first Parish priest of Bogo and declared Saint Vincent Ferrer as the town's patron saint.
The first mass was celebrated in a hastily built structure made of cogon roofing, mixed with bamboo and lumber materials on April 5, 1850, which coincided with the death anniversary of the Patron Saint. Unfortunately, this chapel was gutted by fire of undetermined origin and a new stone church was constructed in the same place where the present Bogo Town Plaza is located.
Early historians aver that the town of Bogo derived its name from a lone Bogo tree which stood on the brink of the shore which is now part of Bogo wharf. Under its foliage, the natives of the place meet incoming traders who rode on frail sailboats loaded with goods to be sold or bartered with the natives of the town. Some of these traders, however, remained and married with the natives of the place.
Per censal period as of 2007, the population of Bogo is recorded at 69,123 with ____ households. The population density of Bogo in that same year stood at 741.6 and with a population growth rate of 1.09 for the past 7 years.
There is a population increase of 8.22% from year 2000 to 2007 for a period of 7 years compared to a population increase from 1995 to 2000 which showed a population growth rate of 11.17%.
Bogo enjoys the third type of climate. It is characterized by no pronounced wet period and a dry season lasting from one to three months. Its relatively dry months are from November to May. The rainy season of the locality usually starts in June and ends in October. The average rainfall data in the area show that heavy rains usually fall from June to November.
Bogo is firmly warmer than most places in whole of Cebu province. Its mean temperature of 27.4oC is 6oC higher than that of the entire province. March, April, and May are usually the warmest months while November, December, and January are the coolest months.
The town is well protected from the full force of wind blows. The northeasterly wind direction is most prevalent during the months of January to May. When the northeasterly wind starts to hit in June the town is well protected by the mountain ranges of Cayang and Banban. July and August is the onset of southwesterly winds (locally called habagat) where low level areas, including the greater urbanized barangays are protected by the mountains of Binabag, Anonang Norte and Anonang Sur. This condition makes Bogo a good shelter for sea vessels during typhoon season.
Geology and Vegetative Cover
The land form and geologic formations of the area reflect the relatively broad limestone plain/mountain landscape. The terrain characteristic of this particularly geomorphic mapping unit is level to nearly flat, with common to many rock outcrops and very thin soils.